The Salesforce Operating, Governance & Architecture Framework (SOGAF) applies the MIT-CISR Enterprise Architecture Framework to Salesforce implementations and programs.
As part of the Salesforce Operating, Governance & Architecture Framework (SOGAF), the Replication operating model is ideal when there are independent, but similar business units. The business units have independent processes and data with shared services. Architects should be focused on providing a standard infrastructure and application components for global efficiencies.
The key characteristics defining the Replication operating model are:
The Replication operating model is best served by the Core Model architecture in which applications are centrally built and deployed locally. Features are enhanced locally with some added to core. The characteristics of the Core Model architecture type are:
Read more about SOGAF architecture types.
Companies in the Replication quadrant can (and probably should) have multiple orgs; you should consider deploying a package from a central org into all of the replicated BUs. That way you can provide local control/administration but maintain your pre-defined standard business processes.
Source: Enterprise Architecture with Salesforce & Force.com, Greg Cook (2013)
Martin Griffiths is a Business Architect Director at Salesforce, with an Anglo-French background and based in Paris, France. Martin joined Salesforce 5 years ago. His 30-year career in CRM, ERP and digital transformation spans business consulting, enterprise architecture and program delivery roles. His focus is advising customers on complex Salesforce-based transformations, operating models and architecture, applying academic frameworks to guide decision-making and address governance at scale topics successfully.
You can connect with Martin Griffiths on LinkedIn.